Who Is Most At Risk
Unfortunately, there is no available statistically viable research that is specifically targeted at living practitioners of this type of play. We are left to extrapolate from research on other things or on similar things done under different circumstances. Therefore, the information below is based upon information taken from studies on police choke holds (where the police apply pressure to the carotid arteries) and Mountain sickness (a form of high elevation hypoxia suffered by climbers). Here is what these two types of asphyxiation have taught us about who tends to be injured or has the highest mortality rate in reference to lack of oxygen:
- Men over age 40
- People with a history of a seizure disorder
- People suffering from mental illness, especially manic-depressives in the manic phase
- Anyone under the influence of drugs or alcohol (even prescription drugs)
- Anyone talking any form of digitalis or tricyclic antidepressants
- Anyone with a history of respiratory, heart, or blood pressure problems
- People who are overweight (especially if they have high cholesterol levels)
- Anyone who has a cold or other respiratory problem at the time of the incident
Note: I am not a doctor and this data DOES contain inherent flaws. I fully recognize that different factors are involved during a police choke hold. The act is nonconsensual, the victim is struggling, and the police officer is most likely very angry. I can easily see how that might skew the research so that it does not apply as well to those of us involved in consensual play that is carefully thought out and executed in passion. I also recognize that mountain climbing involves a lot of physical activity that may mean that those involved are more fit than average and thus the research in that area is probably best applied to those in good condition. All I can say is that this is the best research we have to work with.
Suggested reading materials or sources
Here are two new links to suggested health sites. I want to stress that they cannot replace proper hands on training, but they are excellent sources of information.
Supporting Life (various excellent health links): http://hometown.aol.com/jfuller428/LIFE.html
Less Stress Training (CPR and First Aid Simulators- REALLY good source of info): http://www.lessStress.com
- Forensic Pathology (CRC Series in Fractical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations) by Dominick J. Di Maio, Vincent J. M. Di Maio.
CRC Pr; ISBN: 0849395038;
Hardcover (January 1993).
- “Death from Law Enforcement Choke Holds”
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology,
Volume 3, Number 3, September 1982, pages 253-258.
- Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary: Thumb Indexed (18th Ed)
Clayton L. Thomas (Editor), Robert H. Craven, Jr.
Hardcover – 2439 pages 18th edition (February 1997)
F A Davis Co; ISBN: 0803601948
Paperback – 2704 pages 19th edition (February 2001); F A Davis Co; ISBN: 0803606540
Software – 19 edition (January 2001); Unknown; ISBN: 0803606575
- Medical Self-Care and Assessment
Brent Q. Hafen, Ph.D., Molly J. Brogg, Ph.D., Kathryn J. Frandsen, Ed. D.
- “The Breathless Orgasm: A Lovemap Biography of Asphyxiaphilia”
by John Money, Gordon Wainwright, David Hingsburger
Hardcover – 178 pages (April 1991)
Promethean Press; ISBN: 0879756640
- Jujutsu Shimete Strangulation techniques
Dr. Colin D. Mathers and John R. Bear
1998; IJJIA Research and Publications Division
- “Autoerotic Asphyxia: A Case Report”
Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy
Volume 23, Issue 4 – Publication date (expected/actual): October 27, 1997
Johnstone and Huws; pp. 326-332
- Sleep Apnea: http://www.sleep-apnea.ab.ca/ W. Ward Flemons MD FRCPC Medical Director, Alberta Lung Association Sleep Centre Foothills Hospital Medical Director, Sleep Apnea Society of Alberta.
- Sleep Apnea National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/index.htm National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892. Written June 1996.
- Jay Wiseman’s essays on breath control: o “The Medical Realities of Breath Control Play” o “Breath Control: Is Epinephrine The “Smoking Gun”?” o “More On The ‘Smoking Gun'” o “Where’s My ‘Precaution B’?” o “Cumulative Brain Damage From Breath Control?” http://members.aol.com/OldRope/breamain.htm
- Vagus Nerve http://www.intelihealth.com/ipn/pcn/HN/s_r/00205188.htm Nat Neurosci 1999;2:94-98. Reuters Limited
- Cerebral Ischemia The Neurodegeneration Research Group Address: Dept. of Anatomy, POBox 1105 Blindern, 0317 OSLO, NORWAY. Head: Professor Ole Petter Ottersen http://www.med.uio.no/imb/anatomi/gruppe_3/fluo.htm
- “Long Term Consequence of Mild Oxygen Loss During Delivery” United Cerebral Palsy Research & Educational Foundation, March, 1998 http://www.ucpa.org/html/research/oxygen.html
- Acute Mountain Sickness http://www.mountnet.net/malmoning.html
- Hypoxic Coma (Oxygen Deprivation Coma) http://www.comarecovery.org/hypoxiccoma.htm Coma Recovery Association Mihai D. Dimancescu, M.D., Director of International Coma Recovery Institute Chairman, CRA
- Breath Control By Des (Dirk) de Moor – email: email@example.com. The Deviants’ Dictionary http://www.queernet.org/deviant/bfbreath.htm
- What is it about breath control? Is it safe to make someone pass out? The Soc.subculture.bondage-bdsm FAQ list http://www.unrealities.com/adult/ssbb/m.htm Rob Jellinghaus
- “The Autoerotic Asphyxiation Syndrome In Adolescent and Young Adult Males” http://members.aol.com/bj022038/index.html
- Asphyxiation movie guide http://necrobabes.com/samson/index.htm
- Death Stats http://www.cdc.gov/nchswww/search/search.htm
- * Fears over killer choking game By JOHN GASKELL, London, Sunday http://www.theage.com.au/daily/980112/news/news17.html
- Erotic Asphyxiation Video Catalog from Necrobabes http://www.necrobabes.com/video/vasphyx.htm
- Erotic Asphyxiation http://www.corpus-delicti.com/auto.html
- INXS Singer’s Death Clouded in Controversy by Joal Ryan http://eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,2137,00.html
- Queening videos Green Eyes Videos http://greeneyes.com/apmain.htm
- Choke and Strangle- martial arts site http://www.zenbudokai.com/byuke/chokeandstrangle.html
- Hypoxyphilia definition http://www.umkc.edu/sites/hsw/issues/hypoxy.html
- Writer’s club http://www.websurfer13.com/brendalove/writersclub.htm
- Kinsey research http://pavlov.psyc.queensu.ca/faculty/marshallb/sexual.html
- Deadly Sex Thrills by Matt Crowley. http://freespace.virgin.net/old.whig/fl20auto.htm
- Forensic strangulation photo (link given only to show what bruising and injury to the cervical spine can occur) http://uhsweb.edu/~lulo/lulo0002.htm
- “Death on the Web: A Mystery Reader’s Encyclopedia” http://www-personal.umich.edu/~kschwart/death/articles/manual_strang.html
- Less Stress Training (CPR and First Aid Simulators- REALLY good source of info) http://www.lessStress.com